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The New York accent is well attested in American movies and television shows, often exaggerated, and especially ones about American mobsters from the area.
Though it is sometimes known as a "Bronx" or "Brooklyn accent", no research has confirmed differences of accent between the city's boroughs.
In General American there is a split: the majority of these words have (Shitara 1993).
Almost entirely based upon the findings and categorizations of the 2006 The Atlas of North American English (or ANAE), the following is one well-supported way to hierarchically classify North American English accents at the level of broad geographic regions, sub-regions, etc.
in the ANAE (2006) and the phonological research through surveys of Vaux (2004), Hedges (2017) performed a latent class analysis (cluster analysis) to generate six clusters, each with American English features that naturally occurred together and each expected to match up with one of these six broad U. accent regions: the North, the South, the West, New England, the Midland, and the Mid-Atlantic (including New York City).
★ Hedges (2017) acknowledges that the two pronunciations marked by this star are discrepancies of her latent class analysis, since they conflict with Vaux (2004)'s surveys.
One vast super-dialectal area commonly identified by linguists is "the North", usually meaning New England, inland areas of the Mid-Atlantic states, and the North-Central States.
There is no cot–caught merger in the North around the Great Lakes and southern New England, although the merger is in progress in the North-bordering Midland and is completed in northern New England, including as far down the Atlantic coast as Boston.
North American English regional phonology is the study of variations in the pronunciation of spoken North American English (English of the United States and Canada)—what are commonly known simply as "regional accents".
Though studies of regional dialects can be based on multiple characteristics, often including characteristics that are phonemic (sound-based, focusing on major word-differentiating patterns and structures in speech), phonetic (sound-based, focusing on any more exact and specific details of speech), lexical (vocabulary-based), and syntactic (grammar-based), this article focuses only on the former two items.
On the contrary, Philadelphia–Baltimore and New York metropolitan accents, plus inland accents of the Northern and Southern U. largely shows a transitional state of the merger, particularly the Midland dialect region, from Ohio to eastern Kansas. English, however, tends to keep all these vowels more backed. One phenomenon apparently unique to North American American accents is the irregular behavior of words that in the British English standard, Received Pronunciation, have (where V stands for any vowel).